Date:  2013-06-13  Author: admin   

Brief introduction to the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation creation of which was proclaimed on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai (China) by the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan. Its prototype is the Shanghai Five mechanism.
The main goals of the SCO are strengthening mutual confidence and good-neighbourly relations among the member countries; promoting effective cooperation in politics, trade and economy, science and technology, culture as well as education, energy, transportation, tourism, environmental protection and other fields; making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, security and stability in the region, moving towards the establishment of a new, democratic, just and rational political and economic international order.
Proceeding from the Spirit of Shanghai the SCO pursues its internal policy based on the principles of mutual trust, mutual benefit, equal rights, consultations, respect for the diversity of cultures and aspiration towards common development, its external policy is conducted in accordance with the principles of non-alignment, non-targeting anyone and openness.
The Heads of State Council (HSC) is the highest decision-making body in the SCO. It meets once every year to take decisions and give instructions on all important issues of SCO activity. The Heads of Government Council (HGC) meets once every year to discuss a strategy for multilateral cooperation and priority directions within the Organisation’s framework, to solve some important and pressing issues of cooperation in economic and other areas as well as to adopt the Organisation’s annual budget. Besides sessions of the HSC and the HGC there are also mechanisms of meetings on the level of Speakers of Parliament, Secretaries of Security Councils, Foreign Ministers, Ministers of Defence, Emergency Relief, Economy, Transportation, Culture, Education, Healthcare, Heads of Law Enforcement Agencies, Supreme Courts and Courts of Arbitration, Prosecutors General. The Council of National Coordinators of SCO Member States (CNC) is in charge of coordinating interaction within the SCO framework. The Organisation has two permanent bodies – the Secretariat in Beijing and the Regional Counter-Terrorism Structure in Tashkent. SCO Secretary-General and RCTS Executive Committee Director are appointed by the HSC for a period of three years. From 01 January 2007 these posts are held by Bolat K.Nurgaliev (Kazakhstan) and Myrzakan U.Subanov (Kyrgyzstan) respectively.
The SCO member states occupy a territory of around 30 million 189 thousand square kilometers, which makes up three fifths of the Eurasian continent, and have a population of 1.5 billion, which makes up a quarter of the planet’s population.


The Secretariat is the main permanent executive body of the SCO and fulfills the following duties:

1. Coordinates and provides informational, analytical, legal, organisational and technical support of the activity of the Organisation, in conjunction with the SCO RCTS formulates proposals concerning the development of cooperation in the SCO framework and external ties of the Organisation, oversees the fulfillment of decisions adopted by the SCO bodies.
2. In interaction with Permanent Representatives composes draft documents based on proposals of the member states and with the consent of the Council of National Coordinators circulates them among the member states for further consideration by the SCO institutions, including draft agendas of forthcoming meetings and/or sessions of the SCO institutions, as well as necessary materials; agrees dates and venues of meetings and/or sessions of the SCO institutions. 
Materials and documents mentioned in the given paragraph are forwarded to the member states not later than 20 days before the start of meetings and/or sessions of the SCO institutions, if no other date is specified.
3. In interaction with the Council of National Coordinators arranges consultations of experts of the member states on draft documents submitted to meetings and/or sessions of the SCO institutions for their consideration.
4. Provides organisational and technical support of meetings and/or sessions of the SCO institutions in accordance with the relevant regulations and in interaction with the state hosting such meeting. 
5. Carries out the duty of a depositary of documents adopted in the SCO framework, certifies and forwards to the member states certified copies of such documents, as well as to the SCO RCTS (if the latter concerns it). 
Certified copies of documents adopted in the SCO framework are handed out to Permanent Representatives within 7 days after the Secretariat has received original documents. 
6. Prepares and publishes Secretariat information catalogues, manages the website of the Secretariat and coordinates its contents with that of the website of the SCO RCTS and the SCO Regional Economic Cooperation website. 
Holds regular briefings for representatives of print and internet media. 
7. Carries out preliminary legal and financial assessment of draft treaties and regulations drawn up in the SCO framework.  
8. In conjunction with the SCO RCTS composes a general plan of the Organisation’s activities for the following six months. 
9. Has the right to request the member states to provide reference books and other open materials for working needs of the SCO institutions. 
10. Ensures protocol support of the Secretary-General’s activity. 
11. In interaction with the SCO RCTS conducts contacts with states and international organisations with regard to issues of the Organisation’s activity, and with the consent of the member states concludes respective documents to that end.
12. With the consent of the Council of National Coordinators and in interaction with the SCO RCTS coordinates the Organisation’s cooperation with observers and dialogue partners in line with the legal documents of the SCO. 
13. Interacts with non-governmental structures in the SCO framework in accordance with the legal documents regulating their activity and the Secretariat Regulations.
14. With the consent of the member states and within budgetary limits recruits experts on the basis of single term contract for conducting a research activity on issues of specific concern to the SCO, as well as organises workshops and conferences. 
15. Arranges and coordinates the activity of the SCO Observer Mission in accordance with the Regulations on SCO Observer Mission in presidential and/or parliamentary elections, as well as referendums.

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Secretary-General   

Born on 18 August 1959 in Leningrad    
Graduated in 1981 from Leningrad Institute of Railway Engineers, worked as a foreman of the October Railway Leningrad Baltic Depot   
1983-1984 – work for the Young Communist League (Komsomol) in Leningrad    
1984-1990 – military service as a Soviet Army officer, work for the army newspapers    
1990-1991 – member of the Leningrad City Council, head of the City Council and City Government Press Centre    
1991-1996 – chairman of Saint Petersburg Mayor’s Office Printing, Publishing and Media Committee, representative of the Information and Press Ministry of the Russian Federation   
1996-1999 – Deputy Chairman of the Russian Federation State Press Committee    
Since November 1999 – President of the Centre of Strategic Research (Moscow)    
January 2002 – June 2009 – representative of the Irkutsk Region Administration at the Council of Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Information Policy Committee, 2004-2009 – Deputy Chairman of the Council of Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation    
In 2006 in accordance with a Russian Federation government decree appointed Special Representative on SCO Business Council affairs; the same year – elected, in 2009 – reelected SCO BC Chairman    
2009-2012 – Governor, Chairman of the Government of Irkutsk Region    
At SCO Heads of State Council meeting in Beijing on 7 June 2012 appointed to the office of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Secretary-General for the duration of 1 January 2013 through 31 December 2015    
Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Federation Ministry of Foreign Affairs    
Since 2008 – professor, head of political psychology department of Saint Petersburg State University, PhD in political psychology, doctoral candidate of Moscow State Institute (University) of International Relations of the Russian Federation Ministry of Foreign Affairs   
Since 1988 – member of the Soviet Union (now Russian Federation) Journalist Association    
Married, has a daughter and a grandson    
Decorations: “Order of Merit to the Motherland Fourth Degree”, Order of Honour, medals, officer of the National Order of the French Legion of Honour, medal “For the strengthening of Russo-Chinese friendship”    


Copyright any references to reprint must indicate the source. Center of SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANIZATION (SCO) Studies,

Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences. 622-7 Huai Hai Road (M) Suite 458? Shanghai, China, 200020